A Comparison between Dual Phase Steel and Interstitial Free Steel Due To the Springback Effect

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Silva, E A; Fernandes, L F V M; Sampaio, N A S; Ribeiro, R B; Silva, J W J; Pereira, M S

A Comparison between Dual Phase Steel and Interstitial Free Steel Due To the Springback Effect Journal Article

Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, 4 , pp. 72-81, 2017, ISSN: 2412-5954.

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Authors: E.A. Silva, L.F.V.M. Fernandes, N.A.S. Sampaio, R.B. Ribeiro, J.W.J. Silva, M.S. Pereira 

ABSTRACT. This is a study of the springback effect on two kinds of high strength steel, which are: dualphase and interstitial free, currently used as feedstock in the production of vehicles. The mechanical characterization of the springback effect was performed by means of a mechanical conformation test, called three-point air bending, performed by adapting it to the unconstrained cylindrical bending test. It was also evaluated the mechanical properties of the material defined by the tensile test in order to determine its tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation. Furthermore, it was performed a microstructural characterization of advanced steels by identifying and quantifying the present phases in coexistence by means of digital image processing. The results indicate that the springback effect in the dual-phase steel has the highest springback rates due to its high mechanical strength, and it causes a decrease in the aspect ratio of the grains that suffered mechanical conformation attempting to return it to its original form. On the other hand, the springback effect has the lowest rates, and the change in aspect ratio depends only on the interstitial free steel elongation capacity due to its lower mechanical strength.

Keywords: springback, dual-phase steel, interstitial free steel, aspect ratio

DOI 10.13140/RG.2.1.3749.7205

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