An Instrumented Macro-Indentation Method for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Coconut Shell (Coco Nucifera of Cameroon)

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E. Njeugna, M.B.K. Ganou, D. Ndapeu, J.N.T. Foba, N.R.T. Sikame & P.W.M. Huisken (2016). An Instrumented Macro-Indentation Method for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Coconut Shell (Coco Nucifera of Cameroon). Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, Vol 5. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.1447.3846

Authors: E. Njeugna, M.B.K. Ganou, D. Ndapeu, J.N.T. Foba, N.R.T. Sikame, P.W.M. Huisken

ABSTRACT. An instrumented macro-indentation test was used to determine the viscoelastic parameters and hardness of the shell of Coco Nucifera from Cameroon in order to promote their use in the manufacture of abrasives. Samples measuring 10 mm x 10 mm x 3 mm were cut out from the bottom of the fruit, close to the natural indentations (the eye) of an approximately round-shaped fruit. The indentation load ranged from 50 to 500 N with an increment of 50 N. A comparator with digital display and a camera attached to the machine measured the total penetration and rate of penetration. The Oliver and Pharr indentation model and Hertz contact theory were used to determine the Young’s modulus, hardness and creep ratio of coconut shells. Young’s modulus determined in the polar zone was 3.52x  MPa and 1.45x  MPa in the equatorial zone. The hardness was 1.16x  MPa in the polar zone and 0.7x  MPa in the equatorial zone. The creep ratio was 16 in the polar region and 8 in the equatorial zone. Validation of the procedure and results will be done with indentation tests on a kind of wood: Azobé (Lophira alata).

Keywords: macro-indentation, coconut shell, hardness, young modulus, creep ratio, abrasives

DOI 10.13140/RG.2.1.1447.3846

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