Corrosion and Hardness Vickers Behaviour of ASTM 572 Gr50 Structural Steel under Three Aqueous Fluids Influence

<- Back to I. Materials Science Vol. 17

Read full-text

Cite the paper

Márquez, Marcy Viviana Chiquillo; Cirino, Janaína André; Vieira, Magda Rosangela Santos; Filho, Severino Leopoldino Urtiga

Corrosion and Hardness Vickers Behaviour of ASTM 572 Gr50 Structural Steel under Three Aqueous Fluids Influence Journal Article

Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, 17 , 2019, ISSN: 2412-5954.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Authors: Marcy Viviana Chiquillo Márquez, Janaína André Cirino, Magda Rosangela Santos Vieira, Severino Leopoldino Urtiga Filho

ABSTRACT. We evaluate the corrosion morphology and the Hardness Vickers (HV) behaviour of ASTM 572 Gr50 structural steel. This was exposed to intermittent stirring process under the influence of aqueous fluids with different chemical compositions. We have seen that after 32 days of stirring process, the steel shows highest corrosion rate when it was exposed to natural seawater (NSW). We observed the increase in the values of HV for the samples taken, when an increase in exposure time occur. The corrosion product formed on the surface steel during immersion process, into natural and artificial seawater (ASW), composes of γ-FeOOH,〖 Fe〗2 O3,〖Fe〗3 O4 and NaCl. We have also seen the formation of compact oxide scales of 〖Fe〗3 O4,〖Fe〗2 O3 on the samples immersed in deionized water (DIW). With the help of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) test, the surface morphology shows higher attack in the samples exposed to NSW. The steel showed a lower corrosion rate in DIW system after the immersed process. Open Circuit Potential (OCP), Potentiodynamic Polarization and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) curves of the steel in stagnant conditions show active dissolution behaviour when exposed to the fluids, displaying lowest current density and corrosion potential for the samples exposed to DIW; EIS allows the corroboration of these results.

Keywords: natural seawater, artificial seawater, deionized water, ASTM 572 Gr50 structural steel, corrosion, hardness Vickers

DOI 10.2412/mmse.55.847.45

References

[1] Gemelli E. (2001). Corrosion of metalic materials and its caracterization. LTC Editora, Rio de Janeiro.

[2] Garverick L, eds. (2011). Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry. ASM, International United States of America.

[3] Nunes L. P. (2007). Fundaments of corrosion resistance. Interciência Ltda, Rio do Janeiro.

[4] Santos F. C., Albuquerque M. A., Oliveira M. C. C. & Echevarria A. (2013). Corrosion and the anti-corrosive gents.  Journal Virtual of chemical. 6, 293-309.

[5] Miao J & Wang Q. (2016). Corrosion Rate of API 5L Gr. X60 Multipurpose Steel Pipeline Under Combined Effect of Water and Crude Oil. Metals And Materials International. 22, 797-809.

[6] Choi Y S & Kim J. G. (2000). Aqueous corrosion behavior of weathering steek and carbon steel inacid-chloride environments. Corrosion. 56, 1202-1210.

[7] Liu W, Zhang H, Qu Z, Zhang Y & Li J. (2010). Corrosion behavoir of the steel used as huge storage tank inseawater. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. 14, 965-973.

[8] Ferreira J C, De Souza L F, Marouco E S & Dos Santos Filho O R. (2015). Mechanical and Microstructural Properties of Joints Welded by the Submerged Arc Process with High Thermal Contribution. Welding and Inspection. 20, 347-358.

[9] Chiquillo Márquez M. V., André Cirino J., Santos Vieira M. R., Urtiga Filho S. L. (2018). Journal Mechanics Mateials  Science & Engineering. 15.

[10] Liu W, Zhou Q, Li L, Wu Z, Cao F & Gao Z., (2014) Effect of alloy element on corrosion behavior of the huge crude oil storage tank steel in seawater. Journal Alloys And Compounds. 598, 198-204.

[11] Möller H, Boshoff E T & Froneman H., (2006). The corrosion behavior of a low carbon steel in natural and synthetic seawaters. Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. 106, 585-592.

[12] Zakowski K, Narozny M, Szocinski M & Darowicki K., (2014). Influence of water salinity on corrosion risk – The case of the southern Baltic Sea coast. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 186, 4871–4879.

[13] Melchers R. E.(2003). Effect on marine immersion corrosion of carbon content of low alloy steels. Corros Science. 45, 2609-2625.

[14] Hoseinieh S. M. & Shahrabi T., (2017). Influence of ionic species on scaling and corrosion performance of AISI 316L rotating disk electrodes in artificial seawater. Desalination. 409, 32-46.

[15] Choudhary S, Garg A & Mondal K., (2016). Comparative Atmospheric Corrosion Behavior of a Mild Steel and an Interstitial Free Steel. Journal of Mateialsr Engineering and Performance. 25, 2969–2976.

[16] Waseda Y & Suzuki S, eds. (2006). Characterization of Corrosion Products on Steel Surfaces. Berlin, Springer.

[17] Cornell R M & Schwertmann U., (2003). The Iron Oxides : Structure, Properties, Reactions, Occurrences and Uses.Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.

[18] Misawa T, Hashimoto K & Shimodaira S., 18. Misawa T, Hashimoto K & Shimodaira S., (1974). Corrosion Science. 14, 131-149.

[19] Misawa T, Kyuno T, Suetaka W & Shimodaira S., (1971). The mechanism of atmospheric rusting and the effect of Cu and P on the rust formation of low alloy steels. Corrosion Science. 11, 35-48.

[20] Zhou Y, Chen J, Xu Y & Liu Z., (2013). Effects of Cr, Ni and Cu on the Corrosion Behavior of Low Carbon Microalloying Steel in a Cl− Containing Environment. Journal of Materials Science Technology. 29, 168-174.

[21] Stratmann M & Müller J., (1994). The mechanism of the oxygen reduction on rust-covered metal substrates. Corrosion Science. 36, 327-359.

[22] Evans U. R., (1969). Mechanism of rusting. Corrosion Science. 9, 813-821.

[23] Belkaid S, Ladjouzi M A & Hamdani S., (2011). Effect of Biofilm on Naval Steel Corrosion in Natural Seawater. Journal Of Solid State Electrochemistry. 15, 525-537.

[24] Wang X & Melchers R. E., (2017). Corrosion of carbon steel in presence of mixed deposits under stagnant seawater conditions. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries.45, 29-42.

[25] Castaneda H, Benetton H., (2008). SRB-biofilm influence in active corrosion sites formed at the steel-electrolyte interface when exposed to artificial seawater conditions. Corrosion Science. 50, 1169-1183.

[26] Karimi A, Golbabaei F, Reza Mehrnia M, Neghab M, Mohammad K, Nikpey A, Reza Pourmand M. (2013). Oxygen mass transfer in a stirred tank bioreactor using different impeller configurations for environmental purposes. Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Sciences & Engineering. 10, 1-9.

[27] Wu J, Wang P, Gao J, Tan F, Zhang D, Cheng Y, et al. (2008). Comparison of water-line corrosion processes in natural and artificial seawater: The role of microbes. Electrochemistry Communications. 2017; 80: 9-15.28. García K E, Barrero C A, Morales A L & Greneche J M, Corros Sci, 50. 763-772.

[28] García K E, Barrero C A, Morales A L, Greneche J M. Lost iron and iron converted into rust in steels submitted to dry–wet corrosion process. Corrosion Science. 2008; 50(3): 763-772.

[29] Marshall K C, eds. (1984). Microbial Adhesion and Aggregation. Springer-Verla, Berlin.

[30] De França F. P., Ferreira C. A., Luttebarch M. T. S., (2000). Effect of different salinities of a dynamic water system on biofilm formation. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. 25: 45-48.

[31] Chiquillo Márquez M. V., (2016). Evaluation of the corrosion resistance of carbon steel ASTM 572 Gr50 exposed to crude oil, sea water and oil / sea water mixtures under static and dynamic conditions. Msc. Dissertation, University Federal of Pernambuco, Brasil.

[32] Slaimana Q. J. M., Hasan B. O., (2010). Study on Corrosion Rate of Carbon Steel Pipe Under Turbulent Flow Conditions. The canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering. 88, 1114-1120.

[33] Zhang G. A., Cheng Y. F., (2009) Electrochemical corrosion of X65 pipe in oil/water emulsion. Corrosion Science. 51, 901-907.

[34] Galvan M R, Orozco C R, Torres S R, Martinez E. A., (2010). Corrosion study of the X52 steel immersed in seawater with a corrosion inhibitor using a rotating cylinder electrode. Materials and Corrosion. 61, 872-875.

[35] Stack M M, Chi K., (2003). Mapping sliding wear of steels in aqueous conditions. Wear. 255, 456-465.

[36] Stack M M, Corlett N, Turgoose S., (2003). Some thoughts on modelling the effects of oxygen and particle concentration on the erosion–corrosion of steels in aqueous slurries. Wear. 255, 225-236.

[37] Guo H. X., Lu B. T., Luo J. L., (2005). Interaction of mechanical and electrochemical factors in erosion–corrosion of carbon steel. Electrochemica Acta. 51, 315-323.

[38] Gentil V. (2011). Corrosion. Rio de Janeiro : Livros Técnicos e Científicos editora S.A.

[39] Schweitzer P. A., (1989). Corrosion and Corrosion Protection Handbook. New York : Macel Dekker Inc.

[40] Malik J., Toor I. H., Ahmed W. H., Gasem Z. M., Habib M. A., Ben-Mansour R.,et al. (2014). Investigations on the Corrosion-Enhaced Erosion Behaviour of Carbon Steel AISI 1020. International Electrochemical Science. 9, 6765-6780.

[41] Chacon J. G., Stott F. H., Stack M. M., (1993). The Effect of Substrate Hardness on the Erosion- Corrosion resistance of materials in low velocity conditions. Corrosion Science. 35, 1045-1051.

[42] Singh R. K., Wai S., (2014). Stress Corrosion Cracking of an Austenitic Stainless Steel in Nitrite-Containing Chloride Solutions. Materials. 7, 7799-7808.

[43] Ghosh S, Kain V. (2010). Microstructural changes in AISI 304L stainless steel due to surface machining: Effect on its susceptibility to chloride stress corrosion cracking. Journal of Nuclear Materials. 403, 62-67.

[44] Sherif E. M. (2014). A Comparative Study on Electrochemical Corrosion Behaviour of Iron and X-65 Steel in 4.0 wt% Sodium chloride Solution after Different Exposure Intervals. Molecules. 19, 9962-9974.

[45] Rihan R. O. (2013). Electrochemical Corrosion Behavior of X52 and X60 Steels in Carbon Dioxide Containing Saltwater Solution. Material Research. 16, 227 – 236.

[46] Sekunowo O. I., Adeosun S. O., Lawal G. I., (2013). Potentiostatic Polarisation Responses Of Mild Steel In Seawater And Acid Environments. 2, 139-145.

[47] Sosa E., García A. V., Castaneda H., (2006). Impedance distribution at the interface of the API steel X65 in marine environment. Electrochemica Acta. 51, 1534-1540.

 

Creative Commons Licence
Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal by Magnolithe GmbH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at www.mmse.xyz.