Experimental Characterization of Innovative Viscoelastic Foams

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Viscardi, Massimo; Arena, Maurizio

Experimental Characterization of Innovative Viscoelastic Foams Journal Article

Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, 4 , pp. 7-15, 2017, ISSN: 2412-5954.

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Authors: Massimo Viscardi, Maurizio Arena

ABSTRACT. The evolutionary trend in the automotive industry has produced over time numerous performance and aesthetic innovations, however, the exponential development related to transportation technologies also introduced new requirements concerning the environmental impact [1]. The awareness of ecological issues has led to a reorganization of the evaluations and the vehicle design, currently aimed at reducing the problems that have emerged in empirical investigations and the parallel increase in environmental solutions. The vehicle renewal process involves targeted technical mutations both to observance of ecology as to the safety and comfort of the driver. New recyclable materials and more resistant have been developed in order to minimize the environmental impact of the vehicle even at the end of the operating life of its components, as well as solutions relating to the reduction of noise pollution generated as a response to the requirements of comfort. Modern research programs on a global scale have set themselves the objective of exploiting the potentiality of innovative technologies in the optimization of vehicles efficiency, the noise reduction and in the consequent reduction of fuel burn. One of the crucial topics in the greening of the new generation automotive sector is therefore the use and development of high vibro-acoustic performance materials. The goal of this research is properly focused on the analysis of viscoelastic materials appointed to increase the damping of the vibrations generated in a vehicle. The use of a viscoelastic material in this context is due to its high property to convert vibrational energy into heat, providing a significant dissipation of the vibrations. Trade-off analyses are performed in order define the stiffness and damping capacity of several viscoelastic foams with different thickness and density.

Keywords: noise control, automotive, damping, foam, viscoelasticity

DOI 10.13140/RG.2.1.5150.6325

References

[1] Roylance, Mechanical properties of materials, pp. 37-40, 2008.

[2] Roylance, Engineering viscoelasticity, pp. 8-14, October 24, 2001.

[3] Carfagni, E. Lenzi, M. Pierini, The loss factor as a measure of mechanical damping.

[4] Akay, Introduction to polymer science and technology, 2012.

[5] Ricci, F., Viscardi, M., Dynamic behaviour of metallic and composite plates under in-plane loads (2000) Proceedings of the International Modal Analysis Conference – IMAC, 1, pp. 99-103. 

[6] Siano D., Viscardi M., Napolitano P.,Panza, M.A., Numerical and experimental acoustic performance investigations of a high-speed train composite sandwich panel, WSEAS Transactions on Applied and Theoretical Mechanics, Volume 9, Issue 1, 2014, Pages 290-300.

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