Exploring the Properties of NiO Nanoparticles Prepared by Reflux Method

<- Back to I. Materials Science Vol.10

Cite the paper

A. Dhayal Raj, A. Albert Irudayaraj, A. Reenaarul Vani (2017). Exploring the Properties of NiO Nanoparticles Prepared by Reflux MethodMechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, Vol 10. doi:10.2412/mmse.25.82.979

Authors: A. Dhayal Raj, A. Albert Irudayaraj, A. Reenaarul Vani

ABSTRACT. Admirable nanoparticles of nickel oxide have been synthesized by Reflux method. Required amount of nickel nitrate was dissolved in 200ml of Ethylene Glycol (EG).To the above solution 50ml of PEG was added and stirred well. The pH of the solution was adjusted as 8, 10 and 12 using HCl in order to investigate the effect of pH on the properties of the prepared NiO nanoparticles. The precipitate was collected, washed several times and was calcinated at 500oC for 1 hr. The samples were subjected to various characterizations such asXRD, SEM, UV and FTIR, inorder to study its structure, morphology, optical properties and functional group. The results show that pH plays a key role in the synthesis of NiO nanostructures. The morphology of the prepared samples holds substantial promise for applying NiO as a potential gas sensing material.

Keywords: NiO nanostructures, pH, SEM, XRD, reflux method

DOI 10.2412/mmse.25.82.979


[1] N. R. Jana, Y. F. Chen and X. G. Peng, Size- and Shape-Controlled Magnetic (Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) Oxide Nanocrystals via a Simple and General Approach, Chem. Mater., 16, 2004, 3931­- 3935. DOI 10.1021/cm049221k

[2] W. Wei, X. Jiang, L. Lu, X. Yang and X. Wang, Study on the catalytic effect of NiO nanoparticles on the thermal decomposition of TEGDN/NC propellant, J. Hazard. Mater., 168, 2009, 838­-842. DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.02.102

[3] N. R. E. Radwan, M. S. El-Shall and M. A. Hassan, Synthesis and characterization of nanoparticle Co3O4, CuO and NiO catalysts prepared by physical and chemical methods to minimize air pollution, Appl. Catal. A: Gen. 331, 2007, 8­18,  DOI 10.1016/j.apcata.2007.07.005

[4] X.W. Lou, D. Deng, J.Y. Lee and L.A. Archer, Thermal formation of mesoporous single-crystal Co3O4 nano-needles and their lithium storage properties, J. Mater. Chem., 18, 2008, 4397-4401. DOI 10.1039/B810093D

[5] X.W. Lou, D. Deng, J.Y. Lee, J. Feng and L.A. Archer, Self-Supported Formation of Needlelike Co3O4Nanotubes and Their Application as Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes Adv. Mater., 20, 2008, 258 -262. DOI 10.1002/adma.200702412

[6] I. Hotový, J. Huran and L. Spiess, Preparation and characterization of NiO thin films for gas sensor applications, Vacuum 58, 2000, 300-­307. DOI  10.1016/S0042-207X (00)00182-2

[7] Z.Z. Lin, F.L. Jiang, L. Chen, C.Y. Yue, D.Q. Yuan, A.J. Lan and M.C. Hong, A Highly Symmetric Porous Framework with Multi-intersecting Open Channels, Cryst. Growth Des., 7, 2007, 1712-1715. DOI 10.1021/cg060732o

[8] Q. Zhao, Z. Zhang, T. Dong and Y. Xie, Facile Synthesis and Catalytic Property of Porous Tin Dioxide Nanostructures, J. Phys. Chem. B, 110, 2006, 15152- 15156, DOI 10.1021/jp0620522

[9] M. Yoshio, Y. Todorov, K. Yamato, H. Noguchi, J. Itoh, M. Okada and T. Mouri, Preparation of LiyMnxNi1−xO2 as a cathode for lithium-ion batteries, J. Power Sources74, 1998, 46­53. DOI 10.1016/S0378-7753 (98)00011-1

[10] G.A. Seisenbaeva, M.P. Moloney, R. Tekoriute, A.H. Dessources, J.M. Nedelec, Y. K. Gun’ko, Vadim G. Kessler, Biomimetic Synthesis of Hierarchically Porous Nanostructured Metal Oxide Microparticles—Potential Scaffolds for Drug Delivery and Catalysis, Langmuir 26, 2010, 9809- 9817. DOI 10.1021/la1000683

[11] A. Chrissanthopoulos, S. Baskoutas, N. Bouropoulos, V. Dracopoulos, P. Poulopoulos, S. N. Yannopoulos, Synthesis and characterization of ZnO/NiO p–n heterojunctions: ZnO nanorods grown on NiO thin film by thermal evaporation, Photon. Nanostructures, 9, 2011, 132­-139. DOI 10.1016/j.photonics.2010.11.002

[12] T. Stimpfling, F. Leroux, Supercapacitor-Type Behavior of Carbon Composite and Replica Obtained from Hybrid Layered Double Hydroxide Active Container, Chem. Mater., 22, 2010, 974-987, DOI 10.1021/cm901860y

[13] F. Davar, Z. Fereshteh, M.S. Niasari, Nanoparticles Ni and NiO: Synthesis, characterization and magnetic properties, J. Alloys and Compounds, 476, 2009, 797-801, DOI 10.1016/j.jallcom.2008.09.121

[14] M.W. Zhu, Z.J. Wang, Y.N. Chen, Z.D. Zhang, Microwave processing of conductive lanthanum nickel oxide films in separated microwave magetic field, Surface & Coatings Tech. 216, 2013, 139-144, DOI 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2012.11.041.

Creative Commons Licence
Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal by Magnolithe GmbH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at www.mmse.xyz.