Fabrication of Ni/Pd/Ni Multilayer by Pulsed Electrodeposition

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T.A. Revathy, T. Sivaranjani, K. Dhanapal, V. Narayanan, A. Stephen (2017). Fabrication of Ni/Pd/Ni Multilayer by Pulsed ElectrodepositionMechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, Vol 10. doi:10.2412/mmse.99.96.980

Authors: T.A. Revathy, T. Sivaranjani, K. Dhanapal, V. Narayanan, A. Stephen

ABSTRACT. In the recent years, much interest has been aroused in ultrathin metallic layered magnetic structures. In particular, the sandwich of non-magnetic element between the magnetic elements is a key for the production of structures that exhibits magnetic anisotropy, it shows technologically significant application in perpendicular magnetic and magneto-optic recording. The pulsed electrodeposition method was employed for the deposition of pure nickel, nickel–palladium (Ni/Pd) bilayer and nickel–palladium–nickel (Ni/Pd/Ni) trilayer films. Since pulsed electrodeposition is found to be a powerful tool for producing multilayers and alloys [1]. The X-ray diffraction pattern confirms the formation of fcc structure for both nickel and palladium. The cross sectional view of high resolution scanning electron microscopy shows the layer by layer deposition of nickel and palladium in Ni/Pd and Ni/Pd/Ni films. Vibrating sample magnetometer was employed to study the magnetic behavior of fabricated trilayer.

Keywords: multilayers, anisotropy, pulsed electrodeposition

DOI 10.2412/mmse.99.96.980


[1] K. Dhanapal, T.A. Revathy, M. Anand Raj, V. Narayanan, A. Stephen, 2014. Magnetic anisotropy studies on pulsed electrodeposited Ni/Ag/Ni trilayer, Applied Surface Science, DOI 10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.06.058

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[3] Guillermina Gómez, Gabriela F. Cabeza, Patricia G. Belelli, 2009. Electronic and magnetic properties of Pd-Ni multilayers: Study using density functional theory, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 3478-3482, DOI 10.1016/j.jmmm.2009.06.059

[4] J.W. Feng, Magnetic anisotropy of sputtered Ni/Ag multilayers, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 1996, 27-32 DOI 10.1016/0304-8853(95)00445-9


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