Formation And Distribution of Brittle Structures in Friction Stir Welding of AA 6061 To Copper. Influence of Preheat

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Safi, Seyed Vahid; Amirabadi, Hossein; Givi, Mohammad Kazem Besharati

Formation And Distribution of Brittle Structures in Friction Stir Welding of AA 6061 To Copper. Influence of Preheat Journal Article

Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, 4 , pp. 25-34, 2017, ISSN: 2412-5954.

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Authors: Seyed Vahid Safi, Hossein Amirabadi, Mohammad Kazem Besharati Givi

ABSTRACT. In this paper, apart from introducing brand – new warm friction stir welding (WFSW) method, the effect of preheating on friction stir welded of copper and aluminum alloys sheets and its influence on improving the mechanical properties of the weld were investigated. Sheets of aluminum alloy 6061 and copper with thickness of 5mm were used. The tool was made of tool steel of grade H13 with a threaded cone shape. Rotational speeds (w) of 1200-1400 rpm and traverse speeds (v) of 50-100 mm/min were used for better understanding the behavior of the tools during the heat input. The sheets were kept in furnace with temperature of 75 ˚C and 125˚C and welding was done afterwards. At last, tensile and micro hardness tests were done to compare the mechanical properties of the welds. Considering to the high thermal conductivity of both copper and aluminum, the reason of increase in strength of the joints could be related to the low temperature gradient between the weld zone and base metal because the heat gets out of the stir zone with lower steep. A significant increase in hardness is observed in the SZ for the following reasons: (i) the presence of concentric grains with intensely refined recrystallization and (ii) the presence of intermetallic compounds. The tensile test results showed 85% increase in the strength of preheated joints. The maximum strength occurs for preheating of 75˚C, rotational speed of 1200 rpm and traverse speed of 50 mm/min. In the present study, intermetallic compounds and the precipitates are moved to the grain boundaries during the welding process. These precipitates act as strong obstacles to the movements of dislocations and increase the deformation resistance of material. This phenomenon may result in locking of grain boundaries and consequently decrease of grain size. This grain refinement can improve the mechanical properties of welds. Accordingly, hardness and strength of the material will be increased.

Keywords: friction stir welding, mechanical properties, preheat, intermetallic

DOI 10.13140/RG.2.1.2620.9684


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For citation:

Seyed Vahid Safi, Hossein Amirabadi, Mohammad Basharati Givi Kazem, Formation And Distribution of Brittle Structures in Friction Stir Welding of AA 6061 To Copper. Influence of Preheat, Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal, Magnolithe, 2016, []

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