Impedance Analysis of Microwave Processed Lead Nickel Titanate

<- Back to I. Materials Science Vol.9

Cite the paper

C. Pavithra, S. RoopasKiran, W. Madhuri (2017). Impedance Analysis of Microwave Processed Lead Nickel TitanateMechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, Vol 9. doi:10.2412/mmse.18.22.667

Authors: C. Pavithra, S. RoopasKiran, W. Madhuri

ABSTRACTPb1-xNixTiO3 (PNT) with x varying between 0 and 1 is synthesised by sol-gel technique and then processed in microwave at 1000oC. The X-ray diffraction confirms the cubic structure in PNT. The electrical conduction and frequency response is investigated on the basis of impedance spectroscopy. PNT exhibited a negative temperature coefficient of resistance and non-Debye type of relaxation for all the recorded temperature.

Keywords: lead nickel titanate, impedance analysis, microwave processing, sol-gel method

DOI 10.2412/mmse.18.22.667


[1] Chaisan, W., Ananta, S., &Tunkasiri, T. (2004). Synthesis of barium titanate–lead zirconate titanate solid solutions by a modified mixed-oxide synthetic route.Current Applied Physics, 4 (2), 182-185. DOI: 10.1016/j.cap.2013.11.004

[2] Yuvaraj, S., Nithya, V. D., Fathima, K. S., Sanjeeviraja, C., Selvan, G. K., Arumugam, S., & Selvan, R. K. (2013). Investigations on the temperature dependent electrical and magnetic properties of NiTiO 3 by molten salt synthesis.Materials Research Bulletin, 48 (3), 1110-1116.DOI:10.1016 /j.materresbull.2012.12.001

[3] Reddy, M. P., Madhuri, W., Balakrishnaiah, G., Reddy, N. R., Kumar, K. S., Murthy, V. R. K., & Reddy, R. R. (2011). Microwave sintering of iron deficient Ni–Cu–Zn ferrites for multilayer chip inductors.Current Applied Physics, 11 (2), 191-198.DOI:10.1016/j.cap.2010.07.005

[4] Reddy, M. P., Madhuri, W., Sadhana, K., Kim, I. G., Hui, K. N., Hui, K. S., … & Reddy, R. R. (2014). Microwave sintering of nickel ferrite nanoparticles processed via sol–gel method.Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 70 (3), 400-404. DOI:10.1007/s10971-014-3295-7

[5] Beltrán, H., Cordoncillo, E., Escribano, P., Carda, J. B., Coats, A., & West, A. R. (2000). Sol-gel synthesis and characterization of Pb (Mg1/3Nb2/3) O3 (PMN) ferroelectric perovskite.Chemistry of materials, 12 (2), 400-405. DOI: 10.1021/cm991100a

[6] Gupta, R., Das, S., Sinha, T. P., & Bamzai, K. K. (2015). Effect of cadmium doping on electrical properties of lead nickel niobate–lead zirconate titanate [Pb 1.0 (Ni 0.167 Nb 0.333 Zr 0.155 Ti 0.345) O 3] ceramics.Ceramics International, 41 (10), 13241-13249. DOI:10.1016/j.ceramint.2015.07.103

[7] Nguyen-Phan, T. D., Nguyen-Huy, C., & Shin, E. W. (2014). Morphological evolution of hierarchical nickel titanates by elevation of the solvothermal temperature.Materials Letters, 131, 217-221.DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2014.05.201

[8] Khamman, O., Yimnirun, R., Sirikulrat, N., & Ananta, S. (2012). Phase formation and transitions in the lead nickel niobate–lead zirconate titanate system.Ceramics International, 38, S17-S20. DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2011.04.039

[9] Oanh, L. T. M., Bich Do, D., & Van Minh, N. (2015). Physical Properties of Sol-Gel Lead Nickel Titanate Powder Pb (Ti 1− x Ni x) O 3.Materials transactions, (0).DOI: 10.2320/matertrans.MA201508


Creative Commons Licence Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal by Magnolithe GmbH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at