Petrus Peregrinus of Maricourt and the Medieval Magnetism

<- Back to X. Philosophy of Research and Education Vol.2

Cite the paper

Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

Petrus Peregrinus of Maricourt and the Medieval Magnetism Journal Article

Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, 2 (1), pp. 91-98, 2016, ISSN: 2412-5954.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Author: Amelia Carolina Sparavigna

ABSTRACT. Petrus Peregrinus of Maricourt, a 13th-century French scholar and engineer, wrote what we can consider as the first extant treatise on magnetism of Europe. This treatise is in the form of a letter, probably composed during the siege of Lucera in Italy, in 1269, where Peregrinus worked to fortify the camp and built engines for projecting stones and fireballs into the besieged town. Peregrinus’ letter consists of two parts. The first is discussing the properties of magnets, describing also the methods for determining their north and south poles.  The second part of the letter describes some  instruments that utilize the properties of magnets, ending with the Peregrinus’ art of making a wheel of perpetual motion. In this paper, we discuss the first part of the letter and the related medieval knowledge of magnetism.  

Keywords: history of science, history of magnetism

DOI 10.13140/RG.2.1.4688.7446

References

[1] T.F. Glick, S. Livesey, F. Wallis (2014). Medieval Science, Technology, and Medicine: An Encyclopedia, Routledge.

[2] Peter Peregrinus (1904). The Letter of Petrus Peregrinus on the Magnet, A.D. 1269, Translated by Brother Arnold, with introductory notice by Brother Potamian, New York, McGraw Publishing Company.

[3] E. Grant (1974). A Source Book in Medieval Science, Volume 1, Harvard University Press.

[4] W.J. Battersby (1953). Brother Potamian: Educator and Scientist, Antic Hay Books.

[5] E. Du Trémolet de Lacheisserie, D. Gignoux, M. Schlenker (2005). Magnetism, Springer Science & Business Media.

[6] T. Breverton (2012). Breverton’s Encyclopedia of Inventions: A Compendium of Technological Leaps, Groundbreaking Discoveries and Scientific Breakthroughs that Changed the World, Hachette UK.

[7] J. Block Friedman, K. Mossler Figg (2013). Trade, Travel, and Exploration in the Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia, Routledge.

[8] L. Spitzer, A.K. Forcione, H.S. Lindenberger, M. Sutherland (1988). Representative Essays, Stanford University Press.

[9] F. Jensen (1994). Tuscan Poetry of the Duecento: An Anthology, Taylor & Francis.

[10] W. Gilbert (1600). De Magnete, Magneticisque Corporibus, et de Magno Magnete Tellure, On the Magnet, edited and with notes by Silvanus P. Thompson. Available on line at: https://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/g/gilbert/william/on-the-magnet/complete.html

[11] G.W.F. Hegel (2004). Philosophy of Nature, Volume 2, Psychology Press.

[12] https://www.math.nyu.edu/~crorres/Archimedes/Sphere/SphereSources.html

[13] D. De Solla Price (1975). Gears from the Greeks, The Antikythera Mechanism-A Calendar Computer from ca. 80 B.C., Science History Publications, New York, 1975

[14] D. De Solla Price (1974). Gears from the Greeks, The Antikythera Mechanism-A Calendar Computer from ca. 80 B.C., Transaction of The American Philosophical Society, New Series, Volume 64, Part 7.

[15] J.Marchant (2015). Archimedes’ Legendary Sphere Brought to Life; Recreation of a 2,000-year-old Model of the Universe to Appear in Exhibition, Nature 526(19), 01 October 2015. Available on line at: http://www.nature.com/news/archimedes-legendary-sphere-brought-to-life-1.18431 DOI: 10.1038/nature.2015.18431

[16] A. Kleinert (2003). Wie funktionierte das Pepertuum Mobile des Petrus Peregrinus?, International Journal of History & Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology & Medicine, 11(3):155-170. DOI: 10.1007/s00048-003-0168-5

[17] T. Bertelli (1868). Pietro Peregrino di Maric e la sua Epistola de Magnete, Roma, Tipografiadella Scienze Matematiche e Fisiche.

[18] Galilæus Galilæus Lyncæus, His System of the World, The Third Dialogue. Available on line at: http://www.chlt.org/sandbox/lhl/Salusbury/page.376.php?

https://mmse.xyz/ID201606IT3.pdf

Creative Commons Licence
Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal by Magnolithe GmbH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at www.mmse.xyz.