The Carbon-Fluorine Additives For Welding Fluxes

<- Back to I. Materials Science Vol.2

Cite the paper

R.Е. Kryukov O.А. Kozyreva, Kozyrev N А

The Carbon-Fluorine Additives For Welding Fluxes Journal Article

Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, 2 (1), pp. 5-13, 2016, ISSN: 2412-5954.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Authors: R.Е. Kryukov, O.А. Kozyreva, N.А. Kozyrev

ABSTRACT. Is carried out the thermodynamic estimation of the probability of the flow of the processes of the removal of hydrogen from the weld with the welding in the fluorine-bearing flux in the standard states in the range of temperatures 1700  –  2200 k. In this case, as the standard states for the substances – of reagents they were selected: Na3AlF6L, SiO2L, SiF4g, NaAlO2s, Na2SiO3l, CaF2l,  CaSiO3l, H2g, SiF2g, HFg, O2g, SiFg, Hg. As a result the calculations of standard energy of Gibbs and equilibrium constants of reactions it is determined, that from the reactions of the direct interaction of ftoragentov of slag with hydrogen and oxygen of the metal most probable appears the reaction with the cryolite. In the mechanism of more complex interaction with the participation in the reaction, besides ftoragentov, silica of slag and by the possible formation of the intermediate product of SiF4g more probable is the process with fluorite. Calculations showed the expediency of using the connection Na3AlF6 together with fluorite for the removal of hydrogen with the submerged welding. The carried out calculations became the basis of the development of the compositions of the new flux- additives, protected by patents RF.

Keywords: welding, flux, metal, slag, gas-forming compounds

DOI 10.13140/RG.2.1.1002.3443


[1] Study of the relationship between the composition of a fused flux and its structure and properties/ Amado Cruz Crespoa, Rafael Quintana Puchola, Lorenzo Perdomo Gonzáleza, Carlos R. Gómez Péreza, Gilma Castellanosa, Eduardo Díaz Cedréa & Tamara Ortíza / Welding International. – 2009. – Volume 23. – №2. – p. 120-131

[2] Using a new general-purpose ceramic flux SFM-101 in welding of beams/ Yu. S. Volobueva, O. S. Volobueva, A. G. Parkhomenko, E. I. Dobrozhelac & O. S. Klimenchuk // Welding International.– 2012.- Volume 26. – №8. – p. 649-653

[3] Special features of agglomerated (ceramic) fluxes in welding / V. V. Golovko & N. N. Potapov  // Welding International. – 2011.- Volume 25. – №11. – p. 889 – 893.

[4] The influence of the air occluded in the deposition layer of flux during automatic welding: a technological aspect to consider in the quality of the bead / Rafael Quintana Puchola, Jeily Rodríguez Blancoa, Lorenzo Perdomo Gonzaleza, Gilma Castellanos Hernándeza & Carlos Rene Gómez Péreza // Welding International. – 2009.- Volume 23. – №2. – p. 132-140.

[5] Obtaining a submerged arc welding flux of the MnO–SiO2–CaO–Al2O3 – CaF2 system by fusion / A.C. Crespoa, R.Q. Puchola, L.P. Goncaleza, L.G. Sanchezb, C.R. Gomez Pereza, E.D. Cedrea, T.O. Mendeza & J.A. Pozola//Welding International.– 2007.- Volume 21. – №7. – p. 502-511.

[6] Reaction of non-organic substances / R.А. Lidin, V.А. Molochko, L.L. Andreeva – М.: Drofa, 2007. – 637 p.

[7] Manufacture of vertical bulk –oil storage tanks for northern climates using special welding materials/ Kryukov N.E., Koval’skii I.N., Kozyrev N.A., Igushev V.F., Kryukov R.E.// Steel in Translation. -2012. – Т. 42. -№ 2.-P. 118-120.

[8] Thermodynamical properties of substances: Reference book. V.1. Issue 1 / Edited by V.P. Glushko, L.V. Gurvich et al. M.: Nauka, 1978. pp. 22.

[9] Welding materials for arc welding: СReference book in 2 volumes. V. 1. Shielding gases and welding fluxes: Konishchev B.P., Kurlanov S.А., Potapov N.N. et al. / Edited by Potapov N.N. – М.: Machinebuilding, 1989 – pp. 104.

[10] John L. Haas, Jr., Gilpin R. Robinson, Jr., and Bruse S. Hemingway // J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data. – 1981. – Vol. 10. – № 3. – P. 575 – 669.

[11] NIST-JANAF Thermochemical Tables 1985. Version 1.0 [Electronic resource] : data compiled and evaluated by M.W. Chase, Jr., C.A. Davies, J.R. Dawney, Jr., D.J. Frurip, R.A. Mc Donald, and A.N. Syvernd. – Available at:

[12] Patent 2467853 RF, МPК 8 V23 К35/362 Ceramic flux-additive / Kryukov N.Е., Kovalsky I.N., Kozyrev N.А., Igushev V.F., Krykov R.Е.; Open Joint Stock Company ОАО «Novokuznetsk Plant of Reservoir Metalware» named after N.E. Kryukov.- № 201112341602/02(034654), Application 08.06.2011.

[13] Patent 2484936 PF, МPК 8 V23 К35/362 Ceramic flux-additive / Kozyrev N.А., Igushev V.F., Kryukov R.Е., Goldun S.V.; FSBEI HPE “Siberian State Industrial University”.- №2012104939/02(007484), Application 13.02.2012.

Creative Commons Licence
Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal by Magnolithe GmbH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at