Cite the paper
Roudane M., Hemis M. (2016). The Effect of Microwave Radiation on the Properties of Canola Seeds. Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, Vol 4. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.1679.4488
Authors: Roudane M., Hemis M.
ABSTRACT. The evolution of moisture content loss, which appears during drying of Canola seeds using microwaves radiation (MW) was studied in this work. A mathematical model was adopted to simulate the physical phenomenon of heat and mass transfer between the seeds and the surrounding air. Initial conditions of 20% (w.b.) of moisture content and 20ºC of grains temperature were taken in the modelling; the relative humidity in the room before starting tests was 30%. The drying was down under different MW power from 100 W to 300W. Result show that the predicted moisture loss profiles obtained from the modelling compared well with those obtained experimentally on canola seeds. we were observed also that the drying rate was increased from low to high value of 4.5×10-4 to 8.5×10-4 kg water / (kg wb. S), whilst the MW power increased from 100 to 300W.
Keywords: canola seed, MW drying, mathematical modelling, moisture loss, drying rate
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers (1985) ASAE Standards, Am. Soc. Agric. Eng., St. Joseph, MI.
 USDA: United States Department of Agriculture (2011). http://www.ers.usda.gov/
 FAQ : Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture. http://www.fao.org/
 Tabatabaeefar A (2003) Moisture Dependent Physical Properties of Wheat. Int. Agroph. 17: 207-211.
 Gazor HR, Mohsenimanesh A (2010) Modelling the Drying Kinetics of Canola in Fluidised Bed Dryer. Czech J. Food. Sci. 28(6): 531–537
 Jian F, Jayas DS, White NDG (2012) Thermal conductivity, bulk density and germination of a canola variety with high oil content under different temperatures, moisture contents and storage periods. Transactions of the ASABE 55(5): 1837-1843
 Hemis M., Raghavan G.S.V. (2014) Effect of Convective Air Attributes with Microwave Drying of Soybean: Model Prediction and Experimental Validation. Drying Technology: An International Journal 32(5): 543-549
 Thakor NJ, Sokhansanj S, Sosulski FW, Yannacopoulos S (1999) Mass and dimensional changes of single canola kernels during drying. Journal of food engineering 40: 159-160.
 Hemis M, Choudhary R, Watson DG (2012) A coupled mathematical model for simultaneous microwave and convective drying of wheat seeds. Journal of Biosystems Engineering 112(3): 202-209.
 Swami S (1982) Microwave heating characteristics of simulated high moisture foods. MSc Thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts.
 Nelson SO, Trabelsi S (2011) Sensing grain and seed moisture and density from dielectric properties. International Journal of Agricultural & Biological Engineering 4(1): 1-7.
 Oplinger ES, Hardman LL, Gritton ET, Doll JD, Kelling KA (1989) Canola (Rapeseed). Alternative Field crops manual.
 Nelson SO, Kraszewski AW, Trabelsi S, Lawrence KC (2000) Using cereal grain permittivity for sensing moisture content. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 49(3): 470-475.
 Salek J., Villota R., (1984). A comparative study of whirling and conventional fluidized beds in their application to dehydration. I. Heat and mass transfer analysis. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation 8(2): 73-98.
 Chen AA, Singh RK, Haghighi K, Nelson PE (1993) Finite element analysis of temperature distribution in microwaved cylindrical potato tissue. Journal of Food Engineering 18: 351-368
 Aregba AW, Nadeau J.P. (2007) Comparison of two non-equilibrium models for static grain deep bed drying by numerical simulation. Journal of Food Engineering 78(4): 1174–1187
 Cassells JA, Caddick LP, Green JR., Reuss R (2003) Proceedings of the Australian Postharvest Technical Conference, Canberra. CSIRO Stored Grain Research Laboratory, Canberra.  Mosey EJ, Shaw T, Lampman WP (1977) The effect of temperature and moisture on the thermal properties of rapeseed. Trans. ASAE 20(4): 768-771  Mills JT (1989) Spoilage and heating of stored agricultural products. Prevention, detection and control. Research Branch, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Ottawa, Canada.
 Mosey EJ, Shaw T, Lampman WP (1977) The effect of temperature and moisture on the thermal properties of rapeseed. Trans. ASAE 20(4): 768-771
 Mills JT (1989) Spoilage and heating of stored agricultural products. Prevention, detection and control. Research Branch, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Ottawa, Canada.
 Timbers GE (1975) Properties of Rapeseed 1. Thermal Conductivity and Specific Heat. Canadian Agricultural Engineering 17(2)
 Oomah BD, Mazza G (1992) Microwave oven drying for moisture determination in flax, canola and yellow mustard seeds. Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft und Technologie 25: 523–526.
 Muir WE, Sinha RN (1988) Physical properties of cereal and oilseed cultivars grown in western Canada. Canadian Agricultural Engineering 30: 51-55.
 Falade KO, Abbo E (2007) Air-drying and rehydration characteristics of date palm (phoenix dactylifera L.) fruits. Journal of food engineering 79: 724-730.
 Campanone LA, Zaritzky NE (2005) Mathematical analysis of microwave heating process. Journal of Food Engineering 69: 359–368.
 CCC: Canola Council of Canada. (2015) http://www.canolacouncil.org/
 FDA: U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/LabelingNutrition/ucm072958.htm
 Ranjbaran M., Zare D. 2012. A New Approach For Modeling Of Hot Air-Microwave Thin Layer Drying Of Soybean, Ejpau, 15(3), #01.
Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal by Magnolithe GmbH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at www.mmse.xyz.