The Influence of Biofuel on the Operational Characteristics of Small Experimental Jet Engine

<- Back to II. Mechanical Engineering & Physics Vol. 11

Cite the paper

Ratkovska, K; Hocko, M; Cernan, J; Cuttova, M

The Influence of Biofuel on the Operational Characteristics of Small Experimental Jet Engine Journal Article

Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, 11 , 2017, ISSN: 2412-5954.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Authors: K. Ratkovska, M. Hocko, J. Cernan, M. Cuttova

ABSTRACT. This paper investigates the results from experimental measurements made on a small experimental jet engine designated as MPM-20. The aim of these measurements is to evaluate the possibility of using a blend of the Fatty Acid Methyl Ester biofuel and Aviation turbine fuel for driving aircraft turbocompressor engines. The experiments were focused on evaluating the influence of different concentrations of mixtures both fuel types on fuel flow rate, change to revolutions and the thrust of the turbocompressor engine. A significant influence of the composition of the mixture on the process of the engine ignition was recorded. As the percentages of biofuel increased in the blend with aviation turbine fuel, the time taken to reach the engine operation mode was prolonged. More accurate data and results obtained from the measurements on the small jet engine are discussed in detail in this article.

Keywords: Fatty Acid Methyl Esters, jet engine, alternate fuel

DOI 10.2412/mmse.99.53.683


[1] Shäfer, A. et al.: Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World, MIT Press, Cambridge MA, 2009

[2] Chuck, Ch.: Biofuels for Aviation: Feedstocks, Technology and Implementation, Academic Press, ISBN: 9780128032152, pp. 390.

[3] Altin, R.: An experimental investigation on use of vegetable oils as diesel engine fuels, Ph.D. Thesis, Ankara Gazi University, 1998

[4] Blakey, S. et al.: Aviation gas turbine alternative fuels: a review, Proc. Combust. Inst. 3 (2011), pp. 2863-2885.

[5] Chuck, Ch. Et al.: The compatibility of potential bioderived fuels with Jet A-1 aviation Kerosene, Appl. Energy 118 (2014), pp. 83-91.

[6] Wilson, G.R. et al.: Certification of alternative aviation fuels and blend components, Energy Fuels 27 (2013), pp. 962-966.

[7] Llamas, A. et al.: Oxygen extended sooting index of FAME blends with aviation kerosene, Energy Fuels 27 (11) (2013), pp. 6815-6822.

[8] ASTM International, ASTM D 1322-15el: Standard Test Method for Smoke Point of Kerosine and Aviation Turbine Fuel, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015.

[9] Duran, A. et al.: Alternative fuel properties of tall oil fatty acid methyl ester–diesel fuel blends, Bioresource Technology Vol. 98 Issue 2 (2007), pp. 241–246

[10] Dunn, R.O. et al.: Low-temperature properties of triglyceride-based diesel fuels: transesterified methyl esters and petroleum middle distilate/ester blends, J. American. Oil Chem. Soc. 72 (8) 1995, pp. 895-904.

[11] Dagaut, P. – Gail, S.: Kinetics of gas turbine liquid fuels combustion: jet A1 and biokerosene, Proceedingsof ASME Turbo Expo Vol. 2 (2007), pp. 93-101

[12] Ratkovská, K.- Čerňan, J.- Cúttová, M. – Semrád, K.: The Analyses for the Casing Improvements of the MPM-20 Engine, In: Proceeding of ASME TurboExpo Vol. 8. (2015)., pp. 1-9. ISBN: 978-0-7918-5679-6

[13] Jiricek, I. – Rabl, V.: Energy from Biomass / Energie z biomasy, (AZE 04/2005) Available on:

[14] Ratkovská, K. – Hocko, M.: The influence of the blend of FAME biofuel and jet fuel on the thermodynamic parameters of an MPM – 20 engine, Experimental fluid mechanics 2016, Mariánske Lázne, Czech Republic

[15] A. Dufey,: Biofuels production, trade and sustainable development: emerging issues (2006) ISBN: 978-1–84369-643-8 Available on:

[16] Fözö, L. – Andoga, R. – Madarász, L.: Mathematical model of a small Turbojet Engine MPM-20. In: Studies in Computational Intelligence. Vol. 313 (2010), pp. 313-322. – ISSN 1860-949X.

Creative Commons Licence
Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal by Magnolithe GmbH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at